Texas Background Check
What is Background Check?
A background check or background investigation is the process of researching and compiling past information on an individual. This information is usually gleaned from public records held by government organizations and departments. They include arrest records (warrants, felony and misdemeanor charges, incarcerations, sex offenses), vital records (marriage and divorce records, birth and death certificates, civil court hearings), property records (owned property, estimated values, purchased goods used as collateral), background check records (bankruptcy records, places of residence, occupancies at that residence, and how long people lived there
The amount of background check information presented on StateRecords.org will vary from individual to individual as well as by what resources were used to collect the information, because different sources, which are publicly available, often have a non-standardized town, county and state level protocols, storage classifications, requirements, organization and digitization processes.
In the United States, a county is a political and geographic subdivision of a state, usually assigned some level of governmental authority. Many counties are divided into smaller political or governmental units, which may provide governmental or public services. The importance of the county infrastructure lays on the court legal procedures and incarceration infrastructure. Most court cases in Texas courts begin in one of the 254 superior or trial courts located in each of the state’s 254 counties. Each county demonstrates a judicial power and legal power by its courts. All small claim cases are assigned to the county courthouses, leaving them with the executive power over a sentence of the case.
Texas Department of Correction and Rehabilitation is entitled to govern the majority of the imprisonment in the state of Texas, excluding juvenile incarceration, federal prisons, and county jails. The state of Texas registers 65 state prisons and jails held by the Texas Department of Correction and Rehabilitation, 17 federal prisons, which includes the following categories: United States Penitentiaries, Federal Correctional Institutions, and Administrative facilities. The Texas Division of Juvenile Justice holds responsible for the following facilities: 34 post-adjudication, 31 public and 3 privately operated; 49 pre-adjudication facilities, 47 public facilities, and 2 privately operated facilities.
A criminal record is defined as an official document that records a person’s criminal history including arrest records, warrant records, felony records, misdemeanor records, and sex offender registration information. The information is assembled and updated from local, county and state jurisdictions, trial courts, courts of appeals as well as county and state correctional facilities. The standard for criminal record collection and storage varies from county to county, but the majority of Texas criminal records are organized in online record depositories that are available to the public in the form of a Criminal Background Report.
A civil record is defined as the documents which keep, administrate, and maintain all records regarding a person’s most important life events. These records compile such documents as birth certificates, marriage records, divorce records, and death certificates. All the available records are gathered and stored in a permanent central registry state entity that is used to develop statistical analysis of its population presenting it to the public in a report. The records are compiled from the information presented by the bureaus of statistic and vital records, civil court cases, and vital indexes.
Bankruptcy is a legal status of a person or other entity that cannot repay the debts it owes to creditors. In most jurisdictions, bankruptcy is imposed by a court order, often initiated by the debtor. While bankruptcy cases are always filed in United States Bankruptcy Court, an adjunct to the United State District Courts, bankruptcy cases, particularly with respect to the validity of claims and exemptions, are often dependent upon State law. The United States Code signed six types of bankruptcy under the Bankruptcy Code. The most common types of personal bankruptcy for individuals are addressed in Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 which compromise straight bankruptcy and Wage Earner Bankruptcy.
Why is Background Check is Available to the Public?
The Texas Public Information Act is a series of laws incorporated into the Texas Governmental Code that serve to ensure the public is provided access to information held by the state government. The laws are analogous to the United States Freedom of Information Act, which guarantees accessibility of information held by federal government agencies to the public and aims to ensure disclosure of court records and other public records to the public, Texas State Library. Every person throughout the state can request access to access all public records through the assigned specialized offices within its determined terms. The availability of the records extends to vital records, court records, criminal records, and bankruptcy information as these cases are governed by the Texas District Courts.
What Background Check Access Mean to the Public?
The Texas Public Information Act is a series of legislative acts that have been incorporated into the Texas General Code in Title 5, Subchapter A, Subtitle 552. The act is intended to guarantee public access to government information in the interest of providing transparency of the government to the people it governs.