Texas Arrest Records and Crime Rates
An arrest record in Texas is a report created by municipal, county or state law enforcement agencies following an arrest of an individual suspected of committing a crime. The report covers all details considered relevant by the arresting officer or officers, and will note, among other specifics, the time and date of the alleged crime, what the offender stands accused of, time and date of future court dates, details on police interrogation and more.
Texas Police Report
In Texas, police reports describe actions that were encountered by police, sheriffs, and other law enforcement agents that were witness to an arrest, incident, or other events where law enforcement were required to intercede.
Reports are meant to include the names of those involved, witnesses, alleged crimes and criminals, the police, sheriffs, or peace officers involved, and the nature and severity of the incident. This is because these documents serve as the primary evidence from the police to be used in the court trial. They are a firsthand account of the crime from professionals that witness the vast majority of crimes in the criminal justice system. These records cannot be altered after the initial report, and can be used in future trials. With these factors taken into account, police reports hold a large amount of sway over a court decision; so much so that a judge will often rule in accordance with the findings from a police report.
Put simply, the police report is the first piece of evidence entered when conducting a trial in the criminal justice system. It is the first document that indicates a crime has been committed, and sets the tone for the trial to come. The subject of the police report, often the defendant in the trial, is given the task of proving the police report incorrect or unfactual. This process is referred to as the burden of proof.
“As stated in the law, the law was enacted to ensure that Texas government is transparent, open and accountable to all Texans. It requires that state and local governmental entities conduct public business responsibly and in accordance with the law.” This means that being able to locate, obtain, and study a Texas police record, county or state court record, as well as any other public record, is a right inherently given to all people of Texas.
Crimes and Arrests
In Texas, there were a total 842,055 arrests for all forms of crime in 2017. Crime from governmental sources is split between violent and non-violent crime. For Texas, there were 123,211 violent crimes, which includes 1,412 murders, 14,332 rapes, 32,120 robberies, and 75,347 aggravated assaults. For property crime, there were 718,844 total, 133,145 burglaries, 518,414 larcenies, and 67,285 motor vehicle thefts.
This represents a 5 percent decrease in overall crime, a 6.1 percent decrease in overall property crime, and a 2.1 percent increase in violent crime. For violent crime, murder and robbery decreased by 4.1 percent and 3.4 percent respectively, and rape and assault increase by 7.6 percent and 3.8 percent respectively. In property crime, there was an across the board decrease, with burglary down over 10 percent, larceny down 5.6 percent, and motor vehicle theft down 1.8 percent.
CRIMES BY VOLUME
|Violent Crime Total||120,652||123,211||2,1%|
|Larceny - Theft||548,941||518,414||- 5,6%|
|Motor Vhicle Theft||68,523||67,285||- 1,8%|
|Property Crime Total||765,537||718,844||- 6,1%|
|Index Crime Total||842,055||886,189||- 5,0%|
CRIMES BY OFFENSE
|Violent Crime Total||433,7||435,3||0,4%|
|Larceny - Theft||1,973.1||1,831.6||- 7,2%|
|Motor Vhicle Theft||246,3||237,7||- 3,5%|
|Property Crime Total||2,571.6||2,539.7||- 7,7%|
|Index Crime Total||3,185.2||2,975.0||- 6,6%|
By far the largest demographic of offenders is men between the ages of 20 and 24. In murders alone, they accounted for nearly 200 arrests for the violation. The next highest were men between the ages of 15 and 19, followed by men between the ages of 25 to 29, and men between the ages of 30 and 34. The highest category for women was between the ages of 25 and 29, but is still less than all but 5 age groups for men. Overall this trend follows through most crimes, with the men and women aged 15 to 19 and 20 to 24 switching for most arrests.
The CRIMES Offenses 2007-2017
County and School Crime
Texas’ overall crime rate is higher than the national average, with violent crime coming in at 17.3% higher than the national median, and property crime coming in at 6.9% higher. This list highlights the counties with the highest violent crime rates in Texas, as well as the crime rates of their largest universities.
Harris County is the most populated area in Texas, and includes the city of Houston, which is the largest city in Texas and the fourth largest in the country. With a population of more than 2.3 million in 2017, they experienced 8,994 violent crimes and 42,894 property crimes. For violent crimes, there were 92 murders, 533 reported rapes, 2,906 robberies, and 5,463 aggravated assaults. For property crimes, there were 42,894 burglaries, 29,396 larcenies, 5,441 motor vehicle thefts, and 272 arsons. The largest school in Houston is the University of Houston with a population of 37,215. The school reported 26 rapes, 26 robberies, 14 assaults, 92 burglaries, 65 vehicle thefts, 5 arsons, 7 illegal weapons possessions, 130 drug law violations, and 151 liquor law violation between 2013 and 2015.
The County of Fort Bend has a population of 764,828 and is home to the city of Sugar Land, which has a population of 78,817. They experienced 819 violent crimes and 4,018 property crimes in 2017. For violent crime, they had 9 murders, 105 rapes, 146 robberies, and 559 aggravated assaults. For property crimes, there were 723 burglaries, 3,049 larcenies, 246 motor vehicle thefts, and 32 arsons. One of the largest schools in Fort Bend is the Wharton County Junior College, with a population of around 7,000 students. Between 2013 and 15, they reported just 3 burglaries, 8 drug law violations, and 1 liquor law violation.
The County of Travis has a population of 1,226,698 and includes the city of Austin, which has a population of 967,629. Travis experienced 692 violent crimes and 3,316 property crimes in 2017. For violent crime, they had 12 murders, 115 reported rapes, 61 robberies, and 504 aggravated assaults. For property crimes, there were 3,316 burglaries, 2,294 larcenies, 230 motor vehicle thefts, and 27 arsons. The county is home to the University of Texas at Austin, which had a population of 51,427 in 2017. Between 2013 and 2015, the campus reported 35 rapes, 7 robberies, 7 aggravated assaults, 89 burglaries, 18 motor vehicle thefts, 3 arsons, 2 illegal weapons possessions, 123 drug law violations, and 164 liquor law violations.
Bexar County has a population of 1.9 million, is the location of the city of San Antonio with a population of 1,511,946, and the University of Texas at San Antonio with a student body of 30,674. In 2017, the county experienced 620 violent crimes, and 5,985 property crimes. For violent crime, they had 620 murders, 153 reported rapes, 121 robberies, and 335 aggravated assaults. For property crimes, there were 1,254 burglaries, 4,211 larcenies, 520 motor vehicle thefts, and 48 arsons. On the University of Texas at San Antonio campus between 2013 and 2015, the school reported 10 rapes, 3 robberies, 27 burglaries, 16 motor vehicle thefts, 289 drug law violations, and 489 liquor law violations.
The County of Hidalgo has a population of 860,661, and is home to the city of McAllen with a population of 142,696. In 2017, Hidalgo experienced 616 violent crimes, and 3,820 property crimes. For violent crime, they had 22 murders, 139 reported rapes, 103 robberies, and 352 aggravated assaults. For property crimes, there were 1,173 burglaries, 2,423 larcenies, 224 motor vehicle thefts, and 27 arsons. With a population of 27,809 students as of 2017, the largest school in Hidalgo is The University of Texas at Rio Grande Valley. Between 2013 and 2015, they reported 6 rapes, 1 aggravated assault, 14 burglaries, 11 motor vehicle thefts, 5 illegal weapons charges, 39 drug violations, and 42 liquor law violations.
Montgomery County has a population of 570,934, up from just under 300,000 in just 2010. They reported 534 violent crimes, which included 17 murders, 72 rapes, 88 robberies, and 357 aggravated assaults. They also reported 3,014 larcenies and 29 arson attempt, but other property damage numbers, including the total, were found “underreported” and not revealed as a result of their potential inaccuracy. Montgomery is home to Sam Houston State University; a four year university with a student population of 20,477. They reported 14 rapes, 5 aggravated assaults, 14 burglaries, 6 motor vehicle thefts, 2 illegal weapons possession charges, 71 drug law violations and 28 liquor law violations between 2013 and 2015.
El Paso County has a population of 840,410 and has been growing steadily since before 1970, when their population was 361,271. In 2017, they reported 281 violent crimes, and 723 property crimes. These account for 2 murders, 46 reported rapes, 17 robberies, 216 aggravated assaults, 192 burglaries, 477 larcenies, 54 motor vehicle thefts, and 8 arsons. El Paso is home to the University of Texas at El Paso; a four year college with a student body of 25,078. Between the years of 2013 and 2015, campus security reported 4 rapes, 1 robbery, 15 aggravated assaults, 62 burglaries, 9 motor vehicle thefts, 3 arsons, 22 drug law violations, and 14 liquor law violations.
The County of Smith has a population of 227,727, and is where the city of Taylor sits along with it’s 104,998 citizens. In 2017, they reported 252 violent crimes, and 1,829 property crimes. These account for 3 murders, 29 reported rapes, 23 robberies, 197 aggravated assaults, 609 burglaries, 996 larcenies, 224 motor vehicle thefts, and 3 arsons. The county is home to the University of Texas at Tyler which has a population of 10,527, and reported 4 rapes, 1 robbery, 15 aggravated assault, 62 burglaries, 9 motor vehicle thefts, 3 arson events, 22 drug law violations, and 14 liquor law violations between 2013 and 2015.
The County of Johnson is home to over 150,000 people, and the city of Burleson, which has a population of over 40,000. In 2017, the city experienced 189 violent crimes and 771 property crimes. For violent crime, this accounted for 22 rapes, 5 robberies, and 160 aggravated assaults. For property crime, there were 248 burglaries, 424 larcenies, 99 motor vehicle thefts, and 8 arsons. The school is home to Southwestern Adventist University, a small private liberal arts school with a population of 801 students as of most recent reports. Between the years of 2013 and 2015, the campus reported just 2 burglaries.
The County of Williamson has a population of 545,412, and is home to the city of Round Rock, which houses more than 122,767. In 2017, the city experienced 184 violent crimes and 1,492 property crimes. For violent crime, this accounted for 43 rapes, 9 robberies, and 132 aggravated assaults. For property crime, there were 307 burglaries, 1,066 larcenies, 119 motor vehicle thefts, and 4 arsons.
TEXAS Offenses Known to Law Enforcement