Texas Criminal Records
What Defines a Criminal Record in Texas?
A criminal record is an official document that records convicted law violations and non-expunged criminal offenses. These reports also include information on local, county and state jurisdictions, trial courts, courts of appeals, as well as county and state correctional facilities.
Texas criminal records are stored online and are available to the public in the form of a Criminal Background Report. Sources from which these records are obtained offer different levels of transparency, meaning that records that are public may become classified or redacted, and vice versa. As a result, the amount of criminal records information presented on StateRecords.org may vary with different individuals. Criminal records in Texas generally include the following subjects.
Texas Arrest Records
An arrest record is a recording of an incident in which a suspected offender was taken into custody, fined, or questioned by a law enforcement agency. Crimes are sorted into three categories: felonies, misdemeanors, and infractions. An arrest is when a person is apprehended and deprived of their freedom by a law enforcement agency.
Police officers in Texas, in accordance with the Miranda Rights, are obligated to inform the target of an arrest that they are being arrested, share the reason for the arrest, notify the arrestee of their right to an attorney, and several other important pieces of information pertinent to the arrestee's rights.
In Texas, a person can be arrested for an offense as minor as a misdemeanor breach of the peace, and be arrested on reasonable suspicion of committing a felony.
Texas Arrest Warrants
- Class A misdemeanors are the most serious and come with fines of up to $4,000 and jail time of up to one year.
- Class B misdemeanors are less severe and come with fines of up to $2,000 and jail time of up to 180 days.
- Class C misdemeanors, the lightest category, come only with a fine of up to $500.
A felony is a crime that is considered to be very serious. Felonies typically come with punishments, including jail or prison time, and heavy fines. Felonies in Texas come in five categories—from most severe to least. They include capital felonies, first degree felonies, second-degree felonies, third-degree felonies, and state jail felonies.
A capital felony is reserved for only the most serious crimes and repeat offenders. They are punishable by life in prison with a possibility of parole if the offender is younger than 18 years. A person may get life in prison without parole if the offender is older than 18. A capital felony may also result in a death penalty.
First degree felonies are punishable by life in prison, or a prison term of fewer than 99 years but more than five years. Second-degree felonies are punishable by prison or jail sentences of up to 20 years, but more than two years. Third-degree felonies are punished with imprisonment of up to 10 years, but not less than two years. State jail felonies come with imprisonment of up to two years but not less than 180 days. State jail felonies are sometimes upgraded to third-degree felonies depending on if a deadly weapon was used or if the individual on trial is a repeat offender. All four of these felonies may also be punishable by to $10,000 in fines.
Texas Sex Offender Listing
Texas Serious Traffic Violation
Texas Conviction Records
Texas Jail and Inmate Records
Texas Parole Information
- When the individual has had no violations in the last 12 months
- When the individual is a former Texas Department of Criminal Justice inmate who has discharged his/her sentence
- When the sentence has been suspended
- And when he/she has completed his/her jail or misdemeanor sentences
The board will not consider pardons if the crime involved treason or impeachment, when the inmate is undergoing deferred adjudication community supervision, when the inmate is undergoing early dismissal from community supervision in cases defined by the Texas Code of Criminal Procedure, when the inmate is accused of a Class C Misdemeanor which prohibits firearm possession, and other determinations. Because of this, pardons in Texas are extremely rare.
Texas Probation Records
Probation records show when a person receives probation as an alternative to prison. It allows people convicted of a crime in Texas to serve their sentences out of custody, as long as they follow the rules specified at the beginning of their probation by the presiding judge and their probation officer.
Probations are issued in proportion to the crime, meaning that the length and nature of the probation differ from case to case. Probation and supervision fall into five categories: pretrial supervision, felony conviction probation, misdemeanor conviction probation, felony deferred adjudication, and misdemeanor deferred adjudication. The main difference between felony and misdemeanor probations is that, if revoked, felons may face time in state prison, whereas misdemeanor offenders would serve time in county jails.
Texas Juvenile Criminal Records
Texas History and Accuracy of Criminal Records
Texas Megan’s Law
- Who has a reportable conviction or adjudication received on or after September 1, 1970
- Who is an extra-jurisdictional registrant
- Who is required to register as a condition of parole, release to mandatory supervision or community supervision